Knitted clothing is spacious, close-fitting and comfortable, without a sense of tightness, and can fully reflect the curve of the human body. Knitted fabrics have hard texture, moisture absorption and breathability, excellent elasticity, extensibility and manufacturability. Next, I will give you a detailed introduction to the classification and advantages and disadvantages of knitted fabrics.
Knitted garments not only have unique advantages in home furnishing, leisure, and sportswear, so the functionality of knitted garments can never be replaced by woven garments. In the design and selection of knitted garments, the characteristics of knitted fabrics should be fully considered. The demand for knitted fabrics has increased rapidly in recent years.
Knitted fabrics are fabrics formed by bending the yarns into loops with knitting needles and intertwining them. The difference between knitted fabrics and woven fabrics lies in the shape of the yarn in the fabric. At present, knitted fabrics are widely used in clothing fabrics, linings, home textiles and other products, and are loved by consumers.
Characteristics of knitted fabrics
1. Appearance characteristics
The loops of knitted fabrics are difficult to be skewed, and garments made of knitted fabrics are less stable and stiff enough. In addition, due to factors such as organizational structure, fabrics may also be curled, but in recent years, various fiber materials have been comprehensively utilized Its appearance has been improved to a certain extent.
There are relatively small voids in the structure of knitted fabrics, relatively small deformation capacity, good stretchability, good flexibility, good moisture absorption and air permeability, etc. The shape of knitted fabrics can be changed from within, which can be made into woven fabrics. Various shapes that are impossible to reach, better and better fit for the human body with no rules. Compared with woven fabrics of the same weight, knitted fabrics are more comfortable.
The structure is loose, not easy to wear, and strong, especially when the yarn is broken or the loop is separated from the string cover, the thread trap and the loop separation phenomenon will occur. This performance is the unique detachment of knitted fabrics. Generally speaking, knitted fabrics are not easy to fall apart, which will affect durability and wearing fastness, so the fabric has less durability.
The same yarn in the knitted fabric forms a horizontal or vertical connection. When one side is retracted, it can be stretched in all directions, with very small stretchability and good elasticity. Therefore, it is elastic and fits properly, which not only reflects the curve of the human body, but also does not hinder movement.
The advantages and disadvantages of knitted fabrics
The advantages of knitted fabrics: hard texture, moisture absorption and breathability, excellent elasticity and extensibility, and manufacturability. Knitted garments are spacious, fit, and have no tightness, which can fully embody the curves of the human body.
The disadvantages of knitted fabrics are that they are not easy to fall apart, curl up, and are not easy to snag. They are not as durable as woven fabrics.
Kinds of knitted fabrics
Knitted fabrics can be divided into underwear fabrics and outerwear fabrics according to their uses. The characteristics of underwear fabrics are fit and portable, elastic, spacious, easy to exercise, good flexibility, good moisture absorption and air permeability, and good anti-wrinkle performance, but the fabric is difficult to disperse, poor volume stability, difficult to snag, and pilling. Varieties include flat stitches, mesh fabrics, double ribs, single ribs, and pile.
Outerwear fabrics are characterized by being durable, high shrinkage, easy to wash and full of elasticity. The main products include:
Weft knitted outerwear fabrics: synthetic fibers, natural plain fabrics, yarn-dyed, printed fabrics, etc., georgette fabrics, velvet, and blended and interwoven fabrics. Weft-knitted chemical fiber fabric has high strength and good elasticity, but it is difficult to snag and loosen.
Warp-knitted outer agricultural fabric: it has purified fiber and blended fabric. Its slippage is better. It has good extensibility. The stability of structure and shape is stronger than that of weft knitting. It is firm and never wrinkle, strong and durable, and easy to wash. Quick dry. Modern knitted fabrics are more colorful and have entered the stage of development of extra-functionality and high-grade. New knitted fabrics with various texture effects and different functions have been developed, which brings unprecedented sensory and visual effects to knitwear.
1. Polyester yarn-dyed knitted fabric
The polyester yarn-dyed knitted fabric is made of dyed low-elastic polyester yarn, which is configured in different colors according to the design requirements. It uses a jacquard weave to make 3-6 colors and more and more color patterns. Common flower types include strips, lattices, flowers, figures, animals, landscapes, geometric patterns, etc. The fabric is bright in color, durable, with matching colors, close and heavy texture, clear weaves, and strong sense of wool. It has a style similar to wool fabric tweed. It is mainly used for men's and women's tops, suits, windbreakers, vests, skirts, cotton-padded jacket fabrics, children's clothing, etc.
2. Polyester knitted labor fabric
Polyester knitted labor fabric, also known as polyester knitted denim, is made of low-elastic polyester yarn as raw material, one of which is relatively thin dyed into navy blue, and the other is relatively thick as natural white yarn, which is woven by jacquard weave. The surface is sandwiched in the navy blue with uniformly fine natural color points. This kind of fabric is close and heavy, durable, firm and elastic. If the raw material is core-spun yarn containing spandex, it can also be woven into stretch knitted denim, with better and better elasticity. It is mainly used for men's and women's tops and trousers.
3. Polyester knitted wick strip fabric
The polyester knitted wick strip fabric is made of this low-elastic polyester yarn, which is woven with a variable double rib structure. When knitting, 1 to 2 stitches are taken out every few wale stitches, so that the cloth surface presents straight stripes with unequal width and unevenness. The thickness of the stripes can be determined as required. This kind of fabric has sharp bumps, thick and thin hand, good elasticity and warmth retention. It is mainly used for men's and women's tops, suits, windbreakers, children's clothing and other fabrics.
4. Polyester cover cotton knitted fabric
Polyester cotton knitted fabric is a double rib composite polyester-cotton interwoven fabric. It uses polyester yarn to woven the front of the fabric, and cotton yarn to woven the back of the fabric. The front and back are connected through tuck. After the fabric is dyed, it is used as a shirt, jacket, and sportswear fabric. This kind of fabric is stiff and wrinkle-resistant, strong and wear-resistant, moisture-absorbing and breathable on one side, hard and spacious.
5. Artificial fur knitted fabric
Artificial fur knitted fabrics often use cotton yarn, viscose yarn or polypropylene yarn as the base fabric yarn, and use acrylic fiber or modified acrylic fiber as the fluff. When weaving, the fiber bundle and the ground yarn are formed into loops, and the two ends of the fiber are exposed. On the surface of the fabric, after weaving, apply an adhesive on the reverse side of the fabric to shape the fabric to prevent hair loss, then go through a series of post-processing such as combing, printing, and shearing to obtain artificial fur with various appearance effects. This kind of fabric feels heavy, soft and has good warmth retention. Depending on the variety, it is mainly used as coat fabrics, clothing linings, collars, hats, etc. Artificial fur is also woven by warp knitting.
6. Velvet knitted fabric
Velvet knitted fabric is made of cotton yarn, polyester filament, nylon filament, polyester-cotton blended yarn and other raw materials as ground yarn, and cotton yarn, polyester filament or polyester textured yarn, polyester-cotton blended yarn is used as pile yarn. Pile structure The ground yarn woven on a plush knitting machine forms a ground structure. The pile yarn forms a loop, which is cut again to form the fluff on the surface of the fabric, and is finished after being cut and scalded again. The pile yarn can also be knitted into the ground weave according to the pad yarn, which is formed by cutting the loop. This kind of fabric has a hard hand feeling, a thick fabric, firmness and wear resistance, dense piles, and a round color. It is mainly used as outerwear fabric, collar or hat material. Swan knitted fabric is a kind of plush knitted fabric. In addition to the weft knitting method, the plush knitted fabric can also be woven by the warp knitting method, for example, the warp knitted loop pile shearing fabric.
7. Hong Kong type knitted woolen cloth
Hong Kong-style knitted woolen fabric is a weft knitted woolen fabric made of high-end cashmere and polyester yarn. It has the smooth, waxy, soft and bulky feel of cashmere fabric, and the characteristics of silk fabrics are round luster, good drape, no shrinkage, and weak air permeability. It is mainly used as a fabric for spring, autumn and winter fashion.