Today, the editor of the global textile network shared with you the content of how to soften the hard fabric of clothes? . Let’s follow the editor to learn more about the methods of soft finishing of fabrics.
The difference between mechanical finishing method and chemical finishing method, there are many soft finishing methods for fabrics, but they can be mainly divided into two types:
One: What is the mechanical finishing method
The mechanical method is to use various soft cloth machines to perform physical treatment such as punching and rubbing cloth, so as to change the relative position between fibers and between yarns and yarns, thereby improving its bending rigidity, reducing frictional resistance and achieving the purpose of soft hand feeling. .
Two: What is the chemical finishing method?
The chemical finishing method is to woven fabric manufacturers
use a softener to adjust the frictional resistance between the cloth, the fibrous tissue or between the fiber and the human body to achieve a softening effect.
The use of grease can reduce the coefficient of dynamic friction, and the use of other types of softeners can reduce the coefficient of dynamic and static friction. The smaller the static friction coefficient, the better the soft touch. The smaller the difference between the dynamic and static friction coefficients, the softer and smoother the feel.
First, let's understand the definition of jacquard fabric:
Jacquard fabric: Jacquard fabric is a pattern woven with the change of warp and weft structure. Its fineness is good and the demand for raw cotton is large. The weaving and dyeing processes are different for monochromatic and multi-colored jacquards. Monochrome jacquard fabric is a jacquard dyed fabric that is finished by dyeing the yarn, weaving it on a jacquard loom, and finishing it. Therefore, the yarn-dyed jacquard fabric has more than two colors. This fabric is rich in color without being monochromatic. The pattern has a strong three-dimensional sense and a high grade. The weaving and dyeing processes are different for monochromatic and multi-colored jacquards. The single-color jacquard fabric is a jacquard dyed fabric, which is woven with a jacquard loom after dyeing and finishing, and the finished product is a solid color; the multi-color jacquard fabric is a colored jacquard fabric (fabric), which is first dyed and then woven with a jacquard loom, and the fabric width is 2 meters 5. Pure cotton fabric shrinks less, does not pill, and does not fade.
Satin jacquard (fabric): Warp and weft interlace at least every three yarns, so satin weave makes the fabric denser, so the fabric is thicker. The cost of satin weave is higher than plain weave and twill weave. Satin weave is called satin weave. The satin weave can be divided into left and right parts, with the fewest interweaving points and the longest floating thread in the whole circle. The surface of the fabric is almost composed of float yarns in the warp and weft direction, and the satin fabric is soft. The satin fabric is divided into front and back. The cloth is smooth, delicate and shiny. The cloth is smooth and shiny. The most common satin fabric is striped satin, or satin for short. Divided into 40 2.4 wide ribbons and 60 2.8 wide ribbons. This fabric is woven after dyeing and is usually a solid color. In the process of first weaving and then dyeing, this kind of fabric is generally solid color, extending into strips. Pure cotton fabric shrinks little, does not pill, and is not easy to fade.
The jacquard fabric is soft, delicate and smooth, with good gloss, good drape, good air permeability and high color fastness (yarn dyeing). The pattern of jacquard fabric is large and delicate, with distinct color layers and strong three-dimensional effect, while the pattern of dobby fabric is relatively simple and single.
Wide jacquard fabrics are jacquard fabrics with a width greater than 60 inches. Wide jacquard fabrics are also widely used.